ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the largest international body developing and publishing international standards. ISO standardize a wide range of areas, including time formats, the codes used for country names, and the standard size for goods containers. The standardization undertaken by ISO work is divided into a number of technical committees. The most relevant of these for SALT is TC 37 (Terminology and other language and content resources) and TC46 (Information and documentation). From time to time, ISO adopts standards developed by other bodies (see below). As ISO is an NGO that is independent of any government or company, it is obliged to charge for access to its standards so that it can to fund the standardization work and remain independent.
The LISA (Localization Industry Standards Association) is an association that develops standards for the process of localization and globalization. LISA members include companies such as IBM, Adobe and SDL. LISA has developed a number of important localization standards, including TMX and TBX. The TBX standard has now been adopted by ISO as ISO 30042.
The OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of structured Information Standards) is a not for profit organization that promotes standards for structured information. The consortium develops and adopts open standards for the global information society, producing numerous web service standards as well as standards for safety and e-business. It also undertakes standardization work in the public sector and other asociated markets. OASIS are responsibel for developing the XLIFF standard (XML Localisation Interchange File Format).
The W3C develops and maintains standards, guidelines and technical specifications for the world wide web, including important standards sucha as HTML that commonly underpin web pages.